Urban logistics is defined as all the services that contribute to the efficient management of goods movements in cities. Last-mile delivery is the most complex issue in this chain in terms of impact and cost.
In urban areas, freight transport currently generates almost 30% of CO2 emissions, 40% of NOx and 50% of fine particles linked to transport. In addition to this mediocre climate and health impact, the sector generates noise pollution, congestion and job insecurity for most of its employees.
The introduction of LEZs in certain urban areas has highlighted the predominance of road transport and the difficulty of making the transition to new, low-carbon modes of delivery.
The boom in e-commerce, which exploded during the covid-19 crisis, and the multiplication of environmental regulations aimed at achieving carbon neutrality, have led us to rethink urban logistics.
In this program, the Mobility in Transition Insitute explores the obstacles and solutions to the decarbonization of last-mile delivery through two work streams:
- The challenges and development potential of intermediate vehicles
- E-commerce: what are the conditions for a sustainable business model?